Guide to Epoxy Flooring

Guide to Epoxy Flooring

Epoxy floor coatings have been extremely popular in industrial and commercial spaces recently (and sometimes residential ones as well), as this solution combines a wide variety of useful properties. Nonetheless, this topic can seem complex if you are not familiar with it yet. 


As experts in epoxy floors, we have a wide knowledge of this subject and are willing to share it with you. Read on to learn more about this solution and consider whether it is suitable for your space!

What Is Epoxy Flooring?

Epoxy floor coating is a kind of synthetic resin floor system that is used for both protective and decorative reasons on top of a concrete substrate. 

 

A flooring company will coat, trowel, or pour multiple layers of thermosetting resin, and when they cure completely, they will create a strong and permanent bond. Such an additional barrier can protect the substrate from various damages and improve its appearance.

 

To make it fit your interior design and personal preferences, epoxy resin floors can be customised with various colours, styles, effects, and decorative features.

The Types of Epoxy Floors

Various materials can be used to produce epoxy floors, providing different properties and looks. Here are some of the most popular variants of epoxy floor coatings:

Self-Dispersing Epoxy Floors

This solution is commonly used as epoxy commercial flooring for spaces that often receive forklift or heavy truck traffic because of its outstanding mechanical strength. 

 

Sometimes, self-dispersing epoxy flooring is also mixed with quartz sand. This variant is frequently applied in food processing workplaces and other locations dealing with lots of liquids due to its great anti-slip properties.

Self-Levelling Epoxy Floors

The most prominent feature of these epoxy floor coatings is that they have self-smoothing properties when you pour them onto the substrate. Typically, these systems are applied between 1 and 3 mm in a liquid form, which offers quick installation.

 

It results in a smooth and seamless finish, providing an amazingly durable surface suitable for challenging heavy-duty uses. Apart from industrial applications, it is also used for protecting floors in high-traffic areas at homes, such as living rooms and kitchens.

Anti-Static Epoxy Floors

ESD (electrostatic discharge) can be very dangerous to various workplaces. In order to reduce this risk in your work environment and protect your employees more effectively, you can install an anti-static epoxy floor coating. 

 

It usually includes a conductive compound that is capable of accumulating static electricity and preventing any potential discharge. 

 

Anti-static epoxy flooring is strongly recommended for electronic, pharmaceutical, or chemical manufacturing workplaces, as well as healthcare facilities and spaces that frequently deal with flammable materials.

Flake Epoxy Floors

This kind of coating is made with different sizes of flakes scattered all over a coloured epoxy base coat. For better durability, it is also strengthened with a tough and resistant clear sealer. 

 

Such a solution shows excellent resistance to chemicals and foot traffic, so it is often used as epoxy commercial flooring in such venues as restaurants, shops, or showrooms. What’s more, you can frequently see it in schools or other public institutions. 

Gravelled Epoxy Floors

This variant is similar to flake epoxy flooring, and it can be easily customised with many different colours and stunning designs. 

Due to its aesthetic appeal, it is frequently used in residential properties as well as commercial spaces with many visitors, such as waiting rooms, showrooms, restaurants, boutiques, or clinics. 

It is also an excellent solution for a car garage and other outbuildings. What’s more, it is one of the epoxy resin floors that can be installed outside.

Terrazzo Epoxy Floors

With terrazzo epoxy flooring, you can get a decorative, colourful, seamless, and durable surface. It is produced using a combination of coloured epoxy and chosen aggregates, like marble, granite, glass, mother of pearl, or others. 

 

When the mixture is ready, epoxy coating professionals grind and polish the flooring, exposing the aggregate and providing a smooth, hard-wearing, and beautiful finish. 

 

Apart from the appearance and strength, other advantages of this solution include long life expectancy (over 40 years) and easy maintenance.

Mortar Epoxy Floors

This system is considered to be the most solid epoxy floor coating, comprising 100% solid epoxies and graded sand. Due to its durability and resilience, it is certainly a great choice for spaces with large volumes of heavy traffic or dealing with significant impact.

 

It is also worth knowing that mortar epoxy is frequently applied to fix cracks in the existing epoxy resin floors. Such a solution is very useful when you need to add another type of epoxy on top of the current flooring.

 

These tough and chemical-resistant epoxy floor coatings are often used in such spaces as warehouses, garages, manufacturing plants, mechanical workshops, restaurants, and commercial or industrial kitchens.

Pros and Cons of Epoxy Floor Coating

Before you decide to use this solution, you should familiarise yourself with all the most important advantages and disadvantages of epoxy flooring.  Here are some of them worth considering:

The Pros of Epoxy Floor Coating

High Durability

Epoxy floor coatings are famous for their durability, as they are amazingly resistant to various kinds of wear and tear. They can resist cracks, peels, and corrosion, and when they are cured, they can even withstand acids or other chemicals.

Apart from that, this type of flooring is highly resistant to water and can’t be easily affected by heat. Such durability makes it a great choice for challenging industrial and commercial purposes.

Aesthetics

As epoxy floor coating can be easily customised and comes in many different colours, designs, or gloss levels (matte, satin, glossy), it is considered to be an excellent decorative option. It can even be enhanced with such additives as metallic pigments or coloured microchips.

Easy Maintenance

The epoxy coating protects the concrete substrate from various difficult contaminants, such as chemicals, liquids, or dirt, so it makes the floors easier to clean.

 

You don’t need any specialist equipment for maintenance – just a scrubber or standard mopping with a general-purpose cleaner will be enough.

Affordability

Compared to many other flooring solutions, an epoxy floor coating turns out to be a relatively affordable option. It is partially due to its easy installation over the existing concrete surface – you don’t need to worry about adding any other separate floor system. 

 

Even though the upfront price of an epoxy floor may be higher than that of concrete polishing, when replacing is necessary, the costs are significantly lower. 

The Cons of Epoxy Floor Coating

Demanding Installation

The installation process of epoxy floor coatings can be quite challenging, as it requires proper preparations, including the oil or grease removal from the existing flooring. While preparing the surface, one needs to follow strict rules, such as a humidity check.

 

For this reason, it is highly recommended to hire a team of skilful and experienced professionals, such as Anglia Decor Ltd, to take care of epoxy floor installation.

Curing for a Long Time

Some homeowners and entrepreneurs point out that long curing time is a major inconvenience for epoxy floors. 

 

Certain systems may require up to a week to dry and cure completely, but take into account that it is a one-time procedure that will provide you with a solution lasting for up to 40 years or even longer.

Unpleasant Smell While Drying

Another frequently mentioned disadvantage is that epoxy flooring can have an unpleasant chemical odour when it is drying. 

 

However, this off-gassing doesn’t last as long as in many other kinds of flooring. When it is completely dry and ready to use, the smell is not really noticeable.

The Bottom Line

What is an epoxy floor? It is a popular solution in industrial, commercial, and also residential spaces providing many advantages with minimal drawbacks. 

 

It offers high durability, and its certain variants can manage heavy foot traffic or huge loads. It can even be used with oils, chemicals, or flammable materials, and it is amazingly easy to clean.

 

For accurate installation of a high-quality epoxy floor coating, you can always contact the Anglia Decor Ltd team. We will advise you on choosing the best epoxy flooring type for your space and conduct the whole process smoothly and in a timely manner. 

 

Reach out to us now to schedule the most suitable epoxy floor installation date!

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